History of Crimea in Six Maps

WORLD

Crimea has long been a strategic and geopolitical prize. Ancient Cimmerians and Greeks, followed by the Goths and Venetians, were just a few of the embattled peninsula’s many occupiers over the centuries. (National Geographic News)

Customize your own map of Crimea with our MapMaker Interactive.

Crimea is an autonomous region in Ukraine. The Crimean population has shown much stronger support for Russia than Ukrainians in Kiev and the West. Map by Jerome Cookson, National Geographic

Crimea is an autonomous region in Ukraine. The Crimean population has shown much stronger support for Russia than Ukrainians in Kiev and the West.
Map by Jerome Cookson, National Geographic

Discussion Ideas

  • Take a look at the six maps in the Nat Geo News article. Crimea’s history is tightly bound with its big neighbors, Ukraine and Russia. What other political or regional powers have exercised influence on the peninsula?
    • The introduction mentions the Cimmerians, ancient people who lived in what is today Iran and the Caucasus, a region between the Black and Caspian Seas.
    • The introduction also mentions three ancient Western European groups: Greeks, Goths (often associated with what is today Germany, but really a general Northern European people), and merchants from the city-state of Venice (in what is today Italy).
    • Crimea was a “vassal state” of the Ottoman Empire for nearly 300 years.
    • Crimea was under Western (Nazi) control for most of World War II—a fact that made the most well-known conference of the war’s “Big Three” (in Yalta, Crimea) that much more interesting.
    • Although not really mentioned in the article, the Crimean War was a major event in the region’s history. The Crimean War was a conflict between powers from the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe on one side and the Russian Empire on the other. (Russia lost.) The conflict resulted in an exchange of political, cultural, and economic influence.

One response to “History of Crimea in Six Maps

  1. Pingback: Russia Restricts GPS | Nat Geo Education Blog·

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