- Read through the terrific Nat Geo News article, and then look at our “Scientific Method” chart or this fantastic graphic from “Understanding Science” at UC Berkeley. Did the scientists in the article follow the scientific method? What were the questions they were pursuing? How did they test their theories? What did they observe? What further questions did their results prompt?
- The scientists were studying the relationship between health issues associated with aging (such as heart disease or memory problems) and the infusion of younger blood.
- The scientists studied mice, the most common laboratory test subjects. Scientists conducted their research in two ways. In one method, they infused older (18-month-old) mice with the blood of healthy young (3-month-old) mice. In another method, scientists surgically attached older and younger mice so that they shared a circulatory system. Scientists then monitored the health of the older mice (and, in the second study, the younger mice) and compared certain health standards to older mice that had not been infused with the blood of younger mice.
- In three discrete studies, scientists observed that the health of older mice benefitted from infusions of blood with younger mice.
- Questions suggested by the results of the remarkable studies might be
- What particular aspect of younger blood benefits the health of older mice? (Scientists think the GDF11 protein plays a large part.)
- Can this aspect be isolated and reproduced in a lab?
- How does this study apply to blood infusions in people? (One scientist says “I wish our manuscript could come with a big caption that says ‘Do not try this at home.’ We need a clinical trial to see if this applies to humans, and to see if there are effects that we don’t want.”)
- Read “This Day in Geographic History: Dracula Published,” which outlines the major influences on Bram Stoker’s creation of the legendary count. Compare the macabre tales with the recent studies on blood infusions and the aging process. Does the relationship between blood and aging seem to resemble the real-life Dracula, Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler)? Elizabeth Bathory, the “Blood Countess”? Or entirely fictional vampire legends?
- Give this one to Team Edward, if only by default. Vampires, entirely fictional supernatural creatures, drink blood to retain youth. The scientific studies found a correlation between healthier older mice and an infusion of the blood of young mice.
- As his name implies, Vlad the Impaler is accused of sticking his enemies on long wooden spikes—a habit that had nothing to do with drinking blood or maintaining health. Elizabeth Bathory is accused of having young women killed and bathing in their blood to retain her own youth. Disgusting, yes, but not an effective anti-aging agent.
- Take a look at these real-life vampires: a mosquito and a bat. Did scientists study these animals in their research? Could people actually drink blood the way these creatures do?
- NO, and NO!
- The scientists studied the correlation between health issues associated with aging in mice (such as heart disease) and infusions of the blood of younger mice. This has nothing to do with why mosquitoes and vampire bats extract blood from their victims. Those animals are actually ingesting blood for nourishment—food.
- People could absolutely not drink blood without getting seriously ill. Blood is toxic. Specifically, blood has a lot of iron in it. People can’t really digest or excrete excess iron. Iron overload, called haemochromatosis, can cause liver damage, lung damage, damage to the nervous system, and low blood pressure. The most common and effective treatment of iron overload is . . . bloodletting.
- NO, and NO!