Ecuador Endures Massive Quake

WORLD

This region, where the Pacific seafloor is shoving underneath South America, also produced the biggest earthquake ever recorded—and built the Andes mountains. (Scientific American)

Use or video to better understand South America’s earthquakes.

Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers’ Toolkit, including today’s simple MapMaker Interactive map.

The Earthquake Hazards Program, from the good folks at the USGS, puts together some of the most efficient, reliable, and visually appealing information out there. This fantastic poster and the summary that goes with it were up the day of the quake. Poster by USGS

CLICK TO ENLARGE! The Earthquake Hazards Program, from the good folks at the USGS, puts together some of the most efficient, reliable, and visually appealing information out there. This fantastic poster and the summary that goes with it were up the day of the quake.
Poster by USGS

Discussion Ideas

 

 

 

  • The Ecuador quake is described as having a focal depth of about 19.2 kilometers (11.9 miles). What is focal depth? Is 19 kilometers a deep or shallow focal depth?
    • The focal depth of an earthquake is how far below the surface of an earthquake’s epicenter the actual rupture, slip, or dip took place.
    • Earthquakes can take place anywhere between one and 700 kilometers below Earth’s surface, so 19 kilometers is a pretty shallow depth.

 

 

  • How is Ecuador’s government responding to the quake? Read through this Washington Post article for some help.
    • President Rafael Correa immediately cut short a visit to Vatican City to lead emergency response efforts.
    • Ecuador has mobilized about 4,600 members of the National Police and 10,400 members of the armed forces to help retain order and assist firefighters and other emergency personnel searching for survivors and victims amid the rubble. Engineers and health professionals have also been dispatched to help affected communities.
    • Business owners and workers are preserving infrastructure to better establish some economic stability. “If we don’t get the stock out, it will go bad, and we’ll lose even more than we already have,” said one man who was retrieving goods from his uncle’s store.
    • Communities are banding together to help each other and organize a network of support. “We will come out of this emergency stronger,” said Vice President Jorge Glas.

 

  • How are other governments responding to the quake? Read through this CNN article for some help.
    • Latin American governments, including Mexico, Peru, Colombia, and Chile, have sent financial aid, supplies, and rescue personnel.
    • The European Union has released €1 million in humanitarian aid and emergency equipment.
    • Other nations, such as Spain, have also sent humanitarian aid.

 

 

TEACHERS’ TOOLKIT

Scientific American: Ecuador Quake is on Fault That Generates Monster Shakers

Nat Geo: Earthquakes 101

USGS: M7.8 – 27km SSE of Muisne, Ecuador

Nat Geo: April 2016 Ecuador Quake MapMaker Interactive map

Standby Task Force: Ecuador Earthquake

3 responses to “Ecuador Endures Massive Quake

  1. Pingback: What Did You Read in 2017? | Nat Geo Education Blog·

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