Tardigrades might be tiny, but they’re mighty mysterious. Also known as water bears (or my personal favorite, moss piglets), the eight-legged micro-beasties can survive basically anything, including years of dehydration, massive doses of radiation and the vacuum of space. (Washington Post)
Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers Toolkit. It’s a really good one today.
Toughest? Cutest? Be sure to scroll and vote in today’s super-scientific polls.
- Tardigrades have been called the “toughest animals on the planet.” What are tardigrades?
- Tardigrades are microscopic animals that live just about everywhere on Earth. They consume plant cells, bacteria, algae, and smaller tardigrades. “Terrestrial species live in the interior dampness of moss, lichen, leaf litter and soil; other species are found in fresh or salt water. They are commonly known as water bears, a name derived from their resemblance to eight-legged pandas. Some call them moss piglets and they have also been compared to pygmy rhinoceroses and armadillos. On seeing them, most people say tardigrades are the cutest invertebrate.”
- Although they’re tiny (just .5 millimeter, or .25 inch), tardigrades can be easily identified with a low-powered microscope. This makes them one of the most familiar microorganisms to citizen scientists and bioblitzers around the world.
- At least one educator calls them a “model organism for education.”
- Why does the Washington Post describe the tardigrade as nearly invincible?
- Tardigrades have lived on Earth for more than 500 million years.
- According to the BBC, “The little critters seem adept at living in some of the harshest regions of Earth. They have been discovered 5546m (18,196ft) up a mountain in the Himalayas, in Japanese hot springs, at the bottom of the ocean and in Antarctica. They can withstand huge amounts of radiation, being heated to 150 °C, and being frozen almost to absolute zero.”
- Tardigrades can survive outside Earth’s atmosphere—in the bare vacuum of space.
- Let Neil deGrasse Tyson and his beautiful baritone voice tell you about it.
- An “extremophile” is defined as a “microbe that is adapted to survive in very harsh environments, such as freezing or boiling water.” Do you think tardigrades are extremophiles?
- No! Gotcha. The keyword there is “adapted.”
- Tardigrades are generally not considered extremophiles because the little critters are not specifically adapted to live in extreme environments. (In other words, their chances of dying increases the longer they are exposed to extreme heat, cold, or pressure.) So, they’re not built for life in the extremes; they’re just that tough.
- Why does at least one scientist say the newest tardigrade study is “highly interesting for medicine”?
- Researchers identified a protein that contributes to tardigrade toughness. The protein “helps protect tardigrade DNA from the dangerous side effects of radiation exposure and repair any damage that does occur. When they manipulated human cells to make them produce the tardigrade protein, those cell cultures experienced some 40 percent less damage from X-ray exposure than normal cells.”
- “It could be helpful for space flight, radiotherapy and radiation workers in the far future,” says the study’s lead author.
- Tiny animals? Radiation exposure? Sounds familiar. Tardigrade Man, Tardigrade Man, does whatever a tardigrade can …
National Park Service: Water Bears, Rotifers and Nematodes – Oh My! Middle School
Microbial Life Educational Resources: Tardigrades (Water Bears)
BBC Earth: Tardigrades Return from the Dead