Here’s an advance look at some of the “This Day in Geographic History” (TDIGH) events coming up this week. For each date, we’ve matched it with a map or visual, background information, and a classroom activity so you can plan ahead.
Tuesday, January 10
People enter the London Underground, or Tube, station at Piccadilly Circus. Photograph by Simon Norfolk, National Geographic.
TDIGH: London Underground Opens
The London Underground opened in 1863, making it the oldest underground railway in the world.
Map: London Underground maps from 1931 to today
Context: GeoStory on public transportation around the world.
Activity: What makes a good subway map? Read this article and answer the discussion questions.
Wednesday, January 11
The Grand Canyon, located in Arizona, is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Photograph by Pete McBride, National Geographic.
TDIGH: Grand Canyon Becomes a National Monument
President Theodore Roosevelt named the majestic gorge a national monument in 1908; it became a national park in 1919.
Map: The Grand Canyon
Background: What is a canyon?
Activity: Watch this short video about the Grand Canyon.
Thursday, January 12
TDIGH: Earthquake Devastates Haiti
The magnitude 7.0 earthquake that hit the small Caribbean nation in 2010 killed more than 200,000 people.
Map: Earthquakes around the world since 1900
Background: Video: Earthquakes 101
Activity: Read and discuss this photo essay about Haiti, which includes photographs by young Haitians.
Saturday, January 14
Manzanar War Relocation Center in California was one of 10 internment camps where Japanese-Americans were forcibly held during WWII. Today, the Manzanar Historic Site commemorates the internment. Photograph by U.S. Govt. GSA National Archives, National Geographic.
TDIGH: Initial Idea for Japanese-American Internment
A month after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt formally introduced the idea of interning Japanese-Americans.
Visual: Video – Picturing Japanese American Internment: Dorothea Lange
Background: The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Activity: Explore arguments for and against the internment of Japanese Americans using this interactive.
Sunday, January 15
TDIGH: Happy Birthday, Martin Luther King, Jr.
Through his powerful speeches and commitment to nonviolence, Dr. King advanced the civil rights movement in the U.S. and challenged injustice worldwide.
Visual: Photos and posters documenting MLK’s life
Background: ‘I Have a Dream’ speech and short bio or Video about his life
Activity: Write a found poem about the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.